100 Aviation Terminology in English

100 Aviation Terminology in English

100 Aviation Terminology in English

Aviation terms in English, civil aviation, military aviation, general aviation, aircraft components, aircraft parts, sailboat, plane wing, flight, pilot, and all aviation terms, and various air cargo in English, we present them in several consecutive topics.

Aviation Terminology in English with their meaning

Aviation terms used in landing and takeoff, words and phrases exchanged between the pilot and the control tower, and terms specific to the parts of the aircraft, the components of the aircraft, and the devices in it.

  1. Air pocket: (Vertical air currents cause a sudden fall of the plane)
  2.  Airdrop: (Throwing personnel or supplies from aircraft using parachutes)
  3. Aircraft log: (Contains the date of the aircraft maintenance)
  4. Air start: (Starting the aircraft engine while the aircraft is airborne)
  5. Air traffic clearance: (Air Traffic) Clarification
  6. Automatic valve: that allows air to flow into the engine in case the main source is blocked
  7. Altimeter: (a metal barometer to indicate the height above sea level and ground level at the measurement point).
  8. Aluminum-pigmented dope: (used to protect aircraft fabric from the harmful effect of ultraviolet rays)
  9. Amphibian: (You can take off from or land on land or water)
  10. Aneroid barometer: A device for measuring absolute atmospheric pressure
  11. The angle of incidence: (the acute angle made by the wing chord with the longitudinal axis of the aircraft)
  12. Angular accelerometer
  13. Anti-blush thinner: (used in cases of high humidity to prevent redness of the plane).
  14. Anti-glare paint: (Dark color used to paint the surface of the aircraft to prevent glare that hinders the work of the aircraft crew)
  15. Anti-skid unit: (A unit that prevents the main wheels from locking or slipping when using the brakes after the wheels touch the ground during the landing phase of the aircraft)
  16. Approach lights: (High-illumination lights along the outskirts of the runway to help the pilots switch from working with measuring or indicating devices to visual flight to approach and landing) 
  17. Astrodome: (A transparent dome at the top of the plane from the front through which the navigator can observe the stars)
  18. Autogiro: (A part heavier than air)
  19. Aviation snips: (compound-action hand scissors used to cut sheet metal)
  20. Axial-flow compressor: (Used in turbojet engines)
  21. Ballast: (A weight is placed in the plane to adjust its balance-a weight is placed in the inflatable to change its weight to increase its stability)
  22. Bail joint: (Flexible joint used in the exhaust cycle of aircraft engines)
  23. Base leg: (When the plane descends to land)
  24. Beaching gear: Seaplane landing gear
  25. Beacon-airborne-S-band: (For the exchange of signals and information)
  26. Belly handing strip
  27. Best economy mixture: (the mixture of fuel and air used in reciprocating engines to achieve the best flight range)
  28. Bicycle gear
  29. Bilge: The lower part of the construction of the plane, where water, dust, and other materials gather
  30. Double-winged aircraft: biplane
  31. Black list: List of those banned from traveling
  32. blackout
  33. Blackout: The meaning of a temporary blackout that afflicts the pilots while conducting the maneuver
  34. A bladder-type fuel cell
  35. Blade cuff: (a metal, wood, or plastic construction designed to attach to the shaft of a fan blade to increase airflow through the engine)
  36. Blade fillet: (The closest part of the feather to the base)
  37. Blade twist: (change in the angle of incidence of a feather, between the root and the tip, due to dynamic forces)
  38. Bleed-air: (used in heating and cooling cycles) 
  39. Blimp: (an airship, sometimes propelled by a motor and made of a cloth-like material filled with gas)
  40. (Blind flight: (Flights that are made with the help of measuring devices and navigational equipment in cases of poor visibility)
  41. Blind spot/area (Area from which wireless transmissions cannot be received)
  42. Bogus parts: (Not authorized to be installed in aircraft)
  43. Boundary markers: (Guides that facilitate the landing of aircraft and form part of the landing gear and are installed near the end of the runway)
  44. Bowline: (to bind the plane / to bind the canvas to the plane)
  45. Brake horsepower, (B H P)
  46. British thermal unit (BTU)
  47. Bulkhead: (structural barrier separating parts of the fuselage)
  48. Burner cans: (combustion section of a turbocharged engine)
  49. Butterfly valve: (Throttle to control the flow of air passing through it)
  50. By-pass ratio: (the ratio between the mass flow of air in a fan and the mass flow of air in a cardioid engine)
  51. Cabin pressurization safety valve
  52. Calendar month: (A method of calculating the time used by the Federal Aviation Agency for documentation and issuance of aircraft airworthiness certificates)
  53. Calibrated airspeed
  54. Canard airplane: (The surfaces of this plane's balance and its horizontal orientation open in front of the wings) 
  55.  Canopy: (Sliding cover located above the cabin)
  56. Cargo aircraft (its main mission is to carry and transport goods) cargo aircraft
  57. Carrier-controlled approach radar
  58. Catapult launching
  59. (All-power station for fans): center of thrust
  60. Certified Mechanic
  61. Chatting brakes: (Violent vibration in the brakes arising from the friction of the brakes during the rotation of the discs)
  62. Fabric punch tester: (used to indicate the relative strength of the fabric of the aircraft).
  63. Fairlead: Wiring Guide
  64. Ferry Flight: (Flight to deliver an aircraft from one location or air base to another)
  65. Final controller: (The air controller who provides the pilot with information, instructions, and final directions regarding the final approach using radar equipment)
  66. Fixed–pitch propeller
  67. Flat turn: (in which the direction of the plane is changed without turning)
  68. Flight manual: (A booklet containing certified information regarding the aircraft's speed, engine, etc.)
  69. Flight-path computer
  70. Fluorescent finish: (Aircraft finish reflects light)
  71. Folded fell seam: (a type of sewing machine that is preferred to be used in sewing aircraft fabrics).
  72. Fuel dump system: (a section of the fuel dump system for a large transport aircraft that allows fuel dumping during flight to reduce the weight of the aircraft to the allowable weight of the aircraft)
  73. Hull / Fuselage
  74. Gee-H-system: (a secondary radar system for air navigation that enables the aircraft to determine its exact location on it by measuring its distance from two radio beacons whose location is accurately known)
  75. Glare shield: (Preventing the pilot from being hit by glare)
  76. Glide path landing system: (in which the plane is directed towards the ground with signals specifying its runway) 
  77. Glider: (heavier-than-air fixed-wing aircraft)
  78. Ground anti-aircraft control: (a device controlling anti-aircraft artillery that is shot by radar)
  79. Ground looping: (A sudden turn that occurs to the plane violently during takeoff, landing, or stairs on the ground)
  80. Gyro pilot (or autopilot/robot pilot): (Devices installed in the aircraft to make it run automatically on a predetermined engine)
  81. Gyroplane: (a non-motorized vortex vehicle except for initial operation, but rotated by the action of the air when the aircraft is moving): gyroplane
  82. Gyroscopic turn indicator: (a device used to measure the aircraft's yaw rate).
  83. Half roll: (A maneuver by which the aircraft changes its direction before starting to pounce)
  84. Hanger: A building intended for sleeping, sheltering, or protecting aircraft
  85. Hatch: (A hole in the fuselage with a cover that facilitates the tendency to evacuate the aircraft in case of emergency)
  86. Hazard beacon: Warning beacon
  87. Hedgehop: (Flying on Earth)
  88. Hooking: (violent directional deviation of the aircraft)
  89. Hovering: hovering flight
  90. Hull: (The main structural body of the seaplane, with a streamlined design to reduce water resistance to a minimum)
  91. Hump speed: (The critical speed of a land seaplane on the water at which the hull resistance in the water reaches its maximum)
  92. Hydraulic booster unit: (A unit for moving controls or command devices in large, high-speed aircraft)
  93. Hydrosonic: (flight system with speeds above Mach 5.00).
  94. Ice lights: (Lights installed above the aircraft so that they illuminate above the advanced edge of the wing, allowing the pilot to see ice formation over the wing during night flight)
  95. Initial approach fix: (Background locations are depicted on the instrument approach charts, which mark the start of the aircraft's initial approach phase.)
  96. Inlet buzz: (Audible sound that sometimes occurs in the entrances of the ultrasonic plane when the shock waves travel inlet and out)
  97. Inner marker signal: (The marker signal that the plane receives from the airport transmitter at a distance of approximately 330 feet from the runway)
  98. Internal baffles: (deflection plates installed or installed in a tank to prevent churning of fuel in the tank during flight) 
  99. Inverted spin: (A maneuver that has the characteristics of a normal spiral collapse, except that the aircraft is in an inverted position)
  100. Isopropyl alcohol: (a liquid that prevents the formation of ice on the propeller blades during flight)

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