100 Legal Terms in English

100 Legal Terms in English

100 Legal Terms in English

Legal terms in English can be quite complex and nuanced, but they are important to understand if you want to work in or navigate the legal system. Here are some common legal terms in English and their definitions:

  1. Abetment - Encouraging or aiding someone to commit a crime
  2. Abrogate - To abolish or repeal a law or agreement
  3. Acquittal - The judgment that a person is not guilty of a crime
  4. Adjudication - The legal process of settling a dispute in a court of law
  5. Alimony - Financial support is given by one spouse to the other after divorce
  6. Appeal - A request made to a higher court to review a decision made by a lower court
  7. Assault - An intentional act that causes another person to fear for their safety
  8. Bail - Money paid to secure the release of an accused person from custody
  9. Bankruptcy - A legal process in which a person or organization is unable to pay their debts
  10. Breach - The violation of a law or agreement
  11. The burden of proof - The responsibility of proving a disputed fact or allegation in court
  12. Case law - The body of law based on judicial decisions rather than statutes or regulations
  13. Chattel - Movable Personal property
  14. Civil law - The branch of law dealing with private rights and remedies
  15. Common law - The body of law based on custom and judicial decisions rather than statutes or regulations
  16. Compensatory damages - Money paid to compensate for losses or damages incurred
  17. Complaint - A formal accusation made in court or to law enforcement
  18. Contempt of court - Disrespectful or disruptive behavior in a court of law
  19. Conversion - The unauthorized use or taking of someone else's property
  20. Conviction - The judgment that a person is guilty of a crime
  21. Copyright - The legal protection of original works of authorship, such as books, music, or software
  22. Counterclaim - A claim made by a defendant in response to a plaintiff's claim
  23. Damages - Money paid to compensate for losses or damages incurred
  24. Defamation - The publication of a false statement that harms someone's reputation
  25. Deposition - A statement made under oath outside of court
  26. Discovery - The process of obtaining information from the other party in a lawsuit
  27. Dismissal - The termination of a lawsuit without a judgment on the merits
  28. Entitlement - A government benefit to which a person is entitled based on certain criteria
  29. Equitable - Fair and just
  30. Estate - The property and assets of a deceased person
  31. Estoppel - A legal doctrine that prevents a person from denying a fact or claim that has already been established as true
  32. Evidence - The facts or information presented in a court of law to prove or disprove a disputed fact or allegation
  33. Ex parte - A legal proceeding in which only one party is present or represented
  34. Extradition - The process of transferring an accused person from one jurisdiction to another to face trial
  35. Felony - A serious crime that is punishable by imprisonment or death
  36. Foreclosure - The legal process by which a lender takes possession of a property when the borrower fails to make mortgage payments
  37. Fraud - The intentional deception or misrepresentation that results in harm to another person or entity
  38. Garnishment - A legal process by which a creditor can collect money owed to them by taking a portion of the debtor's wages or bank account
  39. Habeas corpus - The legal right for a person to challenge their imprisonment or detention
  40. Indictment - A formal accusation made by a grand jury that charges someone with a crime
  41. Injunction - A court order that prohibits a person or entity from engaging in certain behavior
  42. Intestate - The situation where a person dies without a will, and their estate is distributed according to state law
  43. Larceny - The unlawful taking of someone else's property with the intent to deprive them of it permanently
  44. The lawsuit - A legal dispute between two or more parties that is resolved in court
  45. Libel - A written false statement that harms someone's reputation
  46. Litigation - The process of resolving a legal dispute through the court system
  47. Malpractice - Professional negligence that results in harm to a patient or client
  48. Mediation - A process in which a neutral third party helps two or more parties resolve a dispute
  49. Misdemeanor - A less serious crime that is punishable by a fine or imprisonment for up to one year
  50. Mitigating circumstances - Factors that reduce the severity of a crime or the punishment for it
  51. Negligence - The failure to exercise reasonable care that results in harm to another person or entity
  52. Non-disclosure agreement - A legal contract in which one or both parties agree not to disclose certain information to others
  53. Notary public - A public official who is authorized to witness and certify the signing of legal documents
  54. Objection - A formal protest made during a trial to challenge evidence or legal procedure
  55. Offer - A proposal made by one party to another that creates a legally binding obligation if accepted
  56. Perjury - The intentional lying under oath in a court of law
  57. Plaintiff - The person who brings a legal action against another person or entity
  58. Pleadings - The written statements made by each party in a lawsuit that outline their claims and defenses
  59. Power of attorney - A legal document that authorizes someone to act on another person's behalf
  60. Probate - The legal process by which a deceased person's estate is distributed to their heirs or beneficiaries
  61. Pro bono - Legal services provided for free or at a reduced cost to low-income individuals or non-profit organizations
  62. Property law - The branch of law dealing with the ownership, use, and transfer of property
  63. Punitive damages - Money awarded to punish a defendant for particularly egregious behavior
  64. Quid pro quo - A Latin term meaning "something for something," often used in the context of bribery or other corrupt practices
  65. Ratification - The act of formally approving or confirming a contract or agreement
  66. Real estate - Property consisting of land and the buildings and other improvements on it
  67. Rebuttal - Evidence or argument presented by one party to counter or disprove the evidence or argument presented by the opposing party
  68. Recidivism - The tendency for a person to relapse into criminal behavior after being punished or rehabilitated
  69. Rescission - The cancellation or annulment of a contract or agreement
  70. Restitution - The payment of money or performance of an act to compensate a victim for harm caused by a crime or civil wrong
  71. Retainer - A fee paid to an attorney in advance to secure their services
  72. Slander - A spoken false statement that harms someone's reputation
  73. Subpoena - A legal document that requires a person to appear in court or provide evidence in a legal case
  74. Summons - A legal document that notifies a person that they are being sued or that they must appear in court
  75. Testimony - Evidence was given by a witness under oath in a court of law
  76. Tort - A civil wrong that causes harm to another person or their property, for which the injured party can seek compensation
  77. Trial - A legal proceeding in which evidence is presented and a verdict is reached by a judge or jury
  78. Trust - A legal arrangement in which one person holds property for the benefit of another
  79. Venue - The geographic location where a legal case is heard
  80. Verdict - The decision reached by a judge or jury at the end of a trial
  81. Warrant - A legal document that authorizes law enforcement to perform a specific action, 
  82. Waiver - The voluntary relinquishment or abandonment of a legal right or claim
  83. Will - A legal document that outlines how a person's assets should be distributed after their death
  84. Witness - A person who provides evidence or testimony in a legal proceeding
  85. Writ - A written order issued by a court that commands a specific action
  86. Zoning - The division of land into different designated use areas, such as residential or commercial, by a local government
  87. Acquittal - The verdict of a judge or jury that a defendant is not guilty of the charges against them
  88. Adjudication - The process of resolving a legal dispute through a formal decision by a court or other tribunal
  89. Admissible - Evidence that is allowed to be presented in court and considered by a judge or jury
  90. Affidavit - A written statement made under oath and signed before a notary public or other official
  91. Alimony - Court-ordered spousal support payments made by one spouse to the other after a divorce or separation
  92. Appeal - The process of asking a higher court to review and possibly overturn a decision made by a lower court
  93. Appellate court - A higher court that reviews decisions made by lower courts
  94. Arraignment - The formal reading of criminal charges against a defendant and their entry of a plea in response
  95. Assignment - The transfer of legal rights or obligations from one party to another
  96. Bail - The temporary release of a defendant from custody, secured by a payment of money or property that will be forfeited if the defendant fails to appear in court
  97. Bankruptcy - The legal process by which a person or business declares that they are unable to pay their debts and seeks protection from creditors
  98. Bar association - A professional organization for lawyers that promotes ethical and professional standards in the legal profession
  99. Bench trial - A trial in which a judge hears and decides the case, without a jury
  100. The burden of proof - The obligation to prove a disputed fact or claim in court




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